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1849: A Commodious House

1855: Early Obstacles

1865-1875: A Period of Rebuilding

1880-1925: The Hospital Expands

1925-1940: Continued Growth

1900: A Self-Sufficient Community

1956: From the Ashes

1937: Biggs Center for the Criminally Insane

1984: End of the Farm

1925-1940: Continued Growth

Through the issuance of $10,000,000 in state bonds and the support of Federal New Deal programs such as the Public Works Administration (PWA), Civil Works Administration (CWA), Works Progress Administration (WPA), and the Federal Emergency Relief Act (FERA), the facility underwent significant expansion in the late 1930s. Added were two new wings, a hospital, a psychiatric clinic / reception center, and a facility for the criminally insane.

Aerial view of State Hospital No. 1 from the southwest, 1934.
Aerial view of State Hospital No. 1 from the southwest, 1934.
Missouri State Archives

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Online Exhibit Created 2003
Missouri State ArchivesOffice of the Secretary of State, Missouri