1844: Governor Marmaduke's Proposal
1847: The Legislature Acts
1861-1865: Civil War Years
1890-1907: Struggle for Control
1945: The End of Patronage
1970 To The Present: De-institutionalization
Following breakfast on February 9th, Governor Thomas Reynolds walked
into his executive mansion office, wrote a brief note, and committed
suicide. On November 18th, just two days before his own brief term as
governor ended, Reynolds' successor, former Lieutenant Governor Meredith
Marmaduke, became the first chief executive in the state's history to
urge the legislature to erect a lunatic asylum to address the plight
of Missouri's mentally ill population.
Missouri State Archives
"Such unfortunate beings are confined to our County
Jails where they seldom, if ever, receive any of those soft
and kind attentions that have been found so necessary for their
recover and restoration to society"
Governor M. M. Marmaduke, November 18, 1844
Assuming office unexpectedly, Governor Marmaduke seemed passionate
about two issues: admitting Texas into the Union and establishing
an insane asylum in Missouri.