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1840: A Revolution in Treatment

1851: A Place for a Cure

1870: Long Term Care

1900: Emerging Treatments

1900-1960: Tuberculosis

1956: Spiritual Health

1900-1980: Carnivals & Amusements

1900-1960: Life on the Ward

1960-1980: Life on the Wards

1930-1950: New Treatments

1950 to the Present: Drug Therapy

1947: Occupational Therapy

1930-1966: Surgical Treatment

1988: Social Learning Program

1957: Youth Program

1980: Outpatient Treatment

The Hopeful Future

1851: A Place for a Cure

Until 1853, Dr. Turner R. H. Smith, the first superintendent, was the only physician on staff responsible for the medical, moral and physical treatment of each inmate. Smith, who relied on his attendants to help cure his patients, immediately established a cardinal rule of behavior: "Violent hands shall never be laid on a patient, under any provocation." Any personnel who could not adopt this sentiment were unfit to treat the insane and any who violated this principle were "not wanted here."

"Violent hands shall never be laid on a patient, under any provocation."

Dr. T.R.H. Smith


Patients of the asylum out for a walk, c. 1900.
Patients of the asylum out for a walk, c. 1900.
Kingdom of Callaway Historical Society

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Online Exhibit Created 2003
Missouri State ArchivesOffice of the Secretary of State, Missouri