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1840: A Revolution in Treatment

1851: A Place for a Cure

1870: Long Term Care

1900: Emerging Treatments

1900-1960: Tuberculosis

1956: Spiritual Health

1900-1980: Carnivals & Amusements

1900-1960: Life on the Ward

1960-1980: Life on the Wards

1930-1950: New Treatments

1950 to the Present: Drug Therapy

1947: Occupational Therapy

1930-1966: Surgical Treatment

1988: Social Learning Program

1957: Youth Program

1980: Outpatient Treatment

The Hopeful Future

1870: Long Term Care

Former superintendent Smith rejected the ready use of restraints and the wholesale employment of drugs as medical treatment. Superintendent Hughes, though, defended the application of restraining devises, especially among female patients, and the widespread use of alcoholic beverages and opium. "I would part with any other remedy," he argued, "before I would give up opium." Hughes also advocated the infliction of pain through scarification, blisters, and emetics to "rouse" the system and divert the patients from their delusions. In 1872, Hughes was forced to resign, not because of his treatment philosophy, but due to apparent financial mismanagement.

Strait Jacket
Glore Psychiatric Museum
Strait Jacket, made by patients at State Hospital No. 2 in St. Joseph, Missouri from mattress ticking.

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Online Exhibit Created 2003
Missouri State ArchivesOffice of the Secretary of State, Missouri