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1840: A Revolution in Treatment

1851: A Place for a Cure

1870: Long Term Care

1900: Emerging Treatments

1900-1960: Tuberculosis

1956: Spiritual Health

1900-1980: Carnivals & Amusements

1900-1960: Life on the Ward

1960-1980: Life on the Wards

1930-1950: New Treatments

1950 to the Present: Drug Therapy

1947: Occupational Therapy

1930-1966: Surgical Treatment

1988: Social Learning Program

1957: Youth Program

1980: Outpatient Treatment

The Hopeful Future

1930-1966: Surgical Treatment

In the 1930s, Portuguese neurologist Egas Monitz pioneered the lobotomy--a procedure in which the brain's frontal lobe nerves are severed by inserting tools through the eye socket. Widely accepted as a treatment for mental illness through the 1950s, the process attempted to control various behaviors by altering the section of the brain affecting social conduct. At Fulton, the philosophy of treating mental illness aggressively sometimes meant lobotomy. An elaborate system of checks, including interviews with social workers, psychologists, psychiatrists, and the patient, ensured that the irreversible operation was absolutely essential. The hospital performed its last lobotomy in 1966; psychiatric drugs made the method obsolete.

Surgical Instruments used in performing lobotomies
Surgical Instruments used in performing lobotomies
Glore Psychiatric Museum

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Online Exhibit Created 2003
Missouri State ArchivesOffice of the Secretary of State, Missouri