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1840: A Revolution in Treatment

1851: A Place for a Cure

1870: Long Term Care

1900: Emerging Treatments

1900-1960: Tuberculosis

1956: Spiritual Health

1900-1980: Carnivals & Amusements

1900-1960: Life on the Ward

1960-1980: Life on the Wards

1930-1950: New Treatments

1950 to the Present: Drug Therapy

1947: Occupational Therapy

1930-1966: Surgical Treatment

1988: Social Learning Program

1957: Youth Program

1980: Outpatient Treatment

The Hopeful Future

1950 To the Present: Drug Therapy:

"Before thorazine, all you could do was restrain violent patients. People would be in restraints for years. In violent episodes, patients and aides both got hurt."

A State Hospital staff member

The introduction of thorazine, the first psychotropic drug, was a milestone in treatment therapy, making it possible to calm unruly behavior, anxiety, agitation, and confusion without using physical restraints. It offered peace for patients and safety for staff. Although this "chemical restraint" appeared more humane for patients, it was not without adverse side effects. One hospital aide accidentally experienced thorazine when he drank fruit punch mixed for the patients: "I was just getting all stiff... I [felt] so bad... " However, each new generation of drugs and research holds promise that more and more of the mentally ill can be treated as outpatients.

A. M. Lovell, Staff Pharmacist, State Hospital No. 1, 1960.
A. M. Lovell, Staff Pharmacist, State Hospital No. 1, 1960.
Fulton State Hospital

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Online Exhibit Created 2003
Missouri State ArchivesOffice of the Secretary of State, Missouri