Missouri Digital Heritage :: Census Records

Census Records

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1940 Census Information

Federal Census Schedules for Missouri

Federal census schedules for Missouri are available on microfilm for census years 1830 through 1930. The exception is the 1890 census, which was destroyed by fire.

Statewide printed indexes are available for 1830 through 1870, and the Soundex index on microfilm is available for 1880, 1900, 1910, and 1920. A Special Veterans Census for 1890 is available on microfilm, with a printed index.

The 1830 and 1840 census reports only list the head of household, and then indicate the number of people in the household by age and gender.

Beginning in 1850, census reports contain the name of each person in the household, age, occupation, and place of birth.

After 1880, the relationship to the head of the household is shown, as well as the place of birth for the parents. A variety of other information is available on individual census reports, such as education level, occupation, immigration dates, and more.

Missouri Census Records

The need for statistical information about the population by the government of Missouri Territory resulted in the taking of a state census in the years 1814 and 1817. These census records listed only free white males. The next census was taken in 1821, the year statehood was achieved. Beginning in 1824 and following at four year intervals through 1876, other state censuses were taken.

The Census Act of 1824 and thereafter required that the sheriffs or assessors submit abstracts of their returns to the Secretary of State and that they file the original returns with the Clerks of the County Courts. Only a very few of the state census enumerations have survived. Below is a list of the surviving censuses.

Census Year

County(ies)

1840

New Madrid, Newton, Pike, Randolph, Ray, Rives(later Henry), Shelby, Stoddard, and Warren

1844

Callaway, Greene

1856

Audrain

1868

Cape Girardeau

1876

Atchison, Benton, Butler, Callaway, Cape Girardeau, Christian, Daviess, Franklin, Gasconade, Greene, Holt, Howard, McDonald, Madison, Moniteau, Montogomery, Osage, Perry, Phelps, Reynolds, Ripley, St. Francois, Stone, Texas, Webster, and Worth