Missouri Digital Heritage :: Educational Resources :: Timeline of Missouri History : 1860-1869

Timeline of Missouri History: 1860-1869



1860 The short-lived Pony Express started its first run from St. Joseph to Sacramento, California (Apr. 3)
1861 The Battle of Wilson’s Creek resulted in a Union retreat and southwestern Missouri was left in Confederate hands until the Battle of Pea Ridge (Aug. 10)
1861 President Abraham Lincoln revoked John Fremont’s emancipation proclamation for Missouri (Sept. 11) Lincoln University circa 1900
Lincoln University, c1900
1861 Missouri’s "Rebel Legislature" adopted an Act of Secession (Oct. 28)
1862 In a three-day battle at Pea Ridge, Arkansas, the Union Army forced the Confederates, excluding the state guard from Missouri, to retreat; this battle effectively ended the threat of Confederate military control in Missouri (Mar. 6-8)
1863 William Clarke Quantrill and his band of pro-Southern guerillas raided the pro-Union town of Lawrence, Kansas, killing nearly 150 men and boys. This attack served to avenge the imprisonment of their wives, mothers, and sisters in Kansas City (Aug. 21)
1863 Brigadier General Thomas Ewing issued General Order No. 11, requiring all people living in Jackson, Cass, Bates, and northern Vernon counties to vacate the area unless their loyalty to the Union could be proven (Aug. 25)
1864 George Washington Carver born near Diamond, Missouri
1865 Slavery was abolished in Missouri by an ordinance of immediate emancipation, making Missouri the first slave state to emancipate its slaves before the adoption of the 13th Amendment to the US Constitution (Jan. 11)
1865 Missouri’s second Constitution (Drake Constitution) was adopted. A group of politicians, known as "Radicals," favored emancipation of slaves and disfranchisement of persons who were sympathetic to the Confederacy during the Civil War. The Radicals included an "Ironclad Oath" in the new constitution to exclude former Confederate sympathizers from the vote and certain occupations, severely limiting their civil rights (Apr. 10)
1866 Lincoln Institute (later Lincoln University) was incorporated as an institution for black students in Missouri (Apr. 6)
1866 The Missouri Historical Society was organized in St. Louis (Aug. 11)
1867 The Missouri Woman’s Suffrage Club was organized in St. Louis; the sole purpose of this organization was the political enfranchisement of women, the first such organization in the United States (May 8)