1766 Census - Spanish Louisiana Territory

A census of the civilian inhabitants and militiamen of the Spanish Louisiana Territory was taken in 1766 by two census enumerators.  Each enumerator made their own copy (copy-1 and copy-2) and each location indicated on the census is listed below and images of the census are available for each of the copies. 

 In addition to location names, descriptions may include the settlements distance from New Orleans, the ethnicity of settlers and the militia leaders in charge of the settlement. 

Column Headings:

Name of the Residents (Head of Household) [Nombres de los Vecinos]
Men of Arms [Hombres de Armas]
Women [Mujeres]
Teenage Boys [Hijos varones grandes]
Teenage Girls [Hembras grandes]
Male children [Ninos]
Female children [Ninas]
Slaves [Esclavos]
Assigned lands [Tierras Assignas]
Horses and Mules [Bestias Cavalt]
Large livestock [Ganado mayors]
Lesser livestock [Ganado menos]
Muskets  [Fuziles]

 

The original records are located at the National Archives of Spain, as part of the General Archives of the Indies.  The digital images are the property of the National Archives of Spain and cannot be used for any purpose other than research.

Please contact archives@sos.mo.gov with any questions. 

 

Location (State)Description on CensusInhabitantsIndexed?Images  
German Coast (Louisiana) 11 Leagues above New Orleans on the West Bank;  Villere's Company 949 No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Boiscler's Company 695 No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Kabakan Coast (Louisiana) Costa Inferior. 20 leagues from the city on both banks of the river; Acadian Settlement - Verret's Company 223 No Copy – 1 Copy – 2
Cabaanocè (Louisiana) Costa Superior, in the vicinity of Cabaanocè, both banks of the Mississippi River; Acadian Settlements - Yudice's Company 388 No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Left bank and Right Bank from Joseph Hebert's house to the ' little hole-in-the-wall' of Allibamont No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

False River No

Copy – 1  Copy – 2

Fort la Pointe Coupée (Louisiana) Fort la Pointe Coupée (French) Post Punta Cortada (Spanish); Allain's Company 1327 No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Atakapas (Louisiana) Fausse Pointe or presqu-isle (Quartell de la Punta); Acadians recently settled No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Canò del Tortugas; Acadians recently settled No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Quartel de la manque; Acadians recently settled No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Alabama tribe No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Coast of the Alabamas and Old Opelousas (Louisana) Costableau's Company No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

On the right coast (New Opelousas – New Settlement) No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Acadians No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Natchitochas Post (Louisiana) Borme's Company 751 No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Chapitoulas (Louisana) Both Left and Right bank of the river; Bellair's Company 1181 No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Batch of English (Louisiana) 5 leagues downriver after the City (New Orleans); Prevost’s Company 712 No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

1st Quarter before this city (New Orleans, Louisiana) Downriver on both banks - Bienvenu's Company 1509 No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

New Orleans (Louisiana) First Quarter; Milhet’s Company 985 No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Second Quarter; Villards’s Company 853 No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Third Quarter; Guinauld’s Company 692 No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Fourth Quarter; Braquier’s Company 715 No

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Arkansas Post (Arkansas) [no description] 71 Yes

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Sainte Genevieve (Missouri) [no description] 605 Yes

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Mine La Motte Yes

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

La Salina Yes

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Saint Louis (Missouri) [no description] 388 Yes

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Indian Nations Summary Details N/A

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

Louisiana Territory Summary Details N/A

Copy – 1 Copy – 2

 

Documents are available on this website in the PDF format.  To download a free copy of Adobe Reader, click on the icon below.

Get Adobe Acrobat