Prior to 1850 slaves were enumerated in the general population schedule. The 1850 and 1860 censuses contained separate enumerations of slaves. These schedules list names of slave owners; how many slaves they own; the slave’s age, color, and sex; whether the slave is a fugitive from the state; whether the slave has been manumitted; whether the slave is deaf, dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic. Slave names are NOT listed in 1850.
The 1860 slave schedule adds a column for the number of slave houses on the property. Also, census enumerators were instructed to include the names of slaves who were 100 years old or older. Only about half of those over 100 actually included names. A list of the 43 slaves in Missouri who were 100 years old or older was compiled by RootsWeb. To view the list, open this PDF .
|Sample Form (Adobe Reader required)||Statistical Summaries|
||Statistical summaries are available on the Census Bureau’s website https://www.census.gov/prod/www/decennial.html. This link will take you off-site. Once you are there, click on the year of the census. Then click on the ZIP file for a specific report.
*The Archives has this schedule on microfilm. To request a search of a slave schedule, please complete and submit a research request.